Cloning the ZF SVN repository in Git

I've been using Git for around a year now. My interest in it originally was to act as a replacement for SVK, with which I'd had some bad experiences (when things go wrong with svk, they go very wrong). Why was I using a distributed version control system, though?

  • I travel several times a year for work. Oftentimes I have long layovers, or hotels and/or conference venues with spotty or pricey internet connectivity. I need a way to continue working such that I can continue making atomic commits without needing to worry about whether or not I have network access.
  • I work from home. This gives me great flexibility in terms of where I work. Sometimes I work from the laundromat -- and when I do, I often bring a list of bugs I want to work on. However, the laundromat I go to has no connectivity. (This is a good thing, as far as I'm concerned; I'm forced to concentrate on nothing but my list of bugs.)
  • Merges. Subversion is a great tool, but merging can be oftentimes painful. The tools in git for merging are incredible, and it's rare that I run into conflicts. Subversion, on the other hand... oof. While I can fix conflicts relatively easily, I like to avoid them in the first place. If you need convincing, try "git cherry-pick" sometime.
  • Ease of installation. The ZF sources take a lot of disk space, and when I have multiple branches, trunk, and the incubator checked out, the size balloons. Additionally, it gets crazy trying to determine what to put on the include_path, particularly when running tests.
  • Prototyping. I often like to work in an experimental branch where I know I won't conflict with anyone else -- but also don't care about the commit history so long as I merge in the changes I need to trunk. With subversion, I have to create a branch, which means adding to the repository history needlessly.

Git's svn integration provides a featureset that answers all of my concerns. Additionally, the ability to clone a git+svn repository locally allows me to have multiple versions available at any given time -- which can be tremendously useful when needing to diff tags, test sites against different versions, etc.

The easiest way to clone an svn repository for use with git is to use either "git svn init" or "git svn clone". With both of these, you point git to an SVN repository and tell it some information about the layout (where trunk is, and where the branches and tags are), and it creates a local git repository that remotes to the svn repository. As an example:


% git svn init --trunk=trunk --tags=tags --branches=branches http://framework.zend.com/svn/framework/standard

The above would initialize a git repository in the current directory pointing at the ZF standard repository. You can simplify the switches to simply "--stdlayout", as the above reflects the standard Subversion recommendations for repository layout.

Note: I used "git svn init", followed by "git svn fetch". This allowed me to specify a revision I wanted to start my repository from. Trust me: you do not want to try and clone the entire ZF repository. Besides the size of the repo, we also changed the layout mid-May 2008 -- which makes cloning problematic. Initialize and fetch from a more recent revision; I've personally rebuilt my checkout a few times, most recently dating from the 1.8.0 release at the end of April 2009.

There's one place that ZF differs, however, that has posed a problem for me: the incubator. We have placed the incubator as follows:

standard
|-- branches/
|-- incubator/
|-- tags/
`-- trunk/

In other words, it's a sibling to "branches", "tags", and "trunk" -- and doesn't fit the normal paradigms. My problem has been how to inform git about its location.

The answer proved incredibly simple. In the repository's ".git/config" file, you will have the following after repository intialization:


[core]
	repositoryformatversion = 0
	filemode = true
	bare = false
	logallrefupdates = true
[svn-remote \"svn\"]
	url = http://framework.zend.com/svn/framework
	fetch = standard/trunk:refs/remotes/trunk
	branches = standard/branches/*:refs/remotes/*
	tags = standard/tags/*:refs/remotes/tags/*

To add the incubator, we add an additional svn-remote, point it to the incubator, tell it where to start fetching commits, and then checkout the new branch.

First, to add the new svn-remote, simply add the following lines to the above ".git/config" file:


[svn-remote \"incubator\"]
    url = http://framework.zend.com/svn/framework/standard/incubator
    fetch = :refs/remotes/svn-incubator

Then, fetch svn commits on the incubator remote from a given commit; I used r15241 myself:


% git svn fetch incubator -r 15241

Then, checkout the incubator branch locally. This works just like any other remote branch -- you check out a local branch, and indicate the remote to utilize:


% git checkout -b incubator svn-incubator

The above creates a local "incubator" branch that points to the "svn-incubator" remote created in the config file earlier.

Finally, pull in all other commits since that revision using the standard svn rebase:


% git svn rebase

From this point, you can now switch back and forth between the incubator, trunk, and any other branches you've created by simply using "svn checkout <branchname>".

For those of you ZF developers who are using git or considering doing so, I hope this post helps. If you're interested in trying it out, I can also provide a tarball of my own repository; drop me an email if you're interested (be aware, though, it's not small...).

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