Tag: http

Expressive 1.0 in the Wild!

A few hours ago, we pushed Expressive 1.0.

This is a huge milestone for the ZF3 initiative; I've even called it the cornerstone. It signals a huge shift in direction for the project, returning to its roots as a component library. Expressive itself, however, also signals the future of PHP applications we envision: composed of layered, single-purpose PSR-7 middleware.

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On PSR7 and HTTP Headers

Yesterday, a question tagged #psr7 on Twitter caught my eye:

#psr7 Request::getHeader($name) return array of single string instead of strings in #Slim3? cc: @codeguy pic.twitter.com/ifA9hCKAPs

@feryardiant (tweet)

The image linked provides the following details:

When I call $request->getHeader('Accept') for example, I was expected that I'll get something like this:

    [0] => text/html,
    [1] => application/xhtml+xml,
    [2] => application/xml,

but, in reallity I got this:

    [0] => text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8

Is it correct?

In this post, I'll explain why the behavior observed is correct, as well as shed a light on a few details of header handling in PSR-7.

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PSR-7 Accepted!

I'm pleased to announce that as of 22:00 CDT on 18 May 2015, http://www.php-fig.org/psr/psr-7 PSR-7 (HTTP Message Interfaces) has been accepted!

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PSR-7 By Example

PSR-7 is now accepted!!!

~~I'm still hearing some grumbles both of "simplify!" and "not far enough!" so I'm writing this posts to demonstrate usage of the currently published interfaces, and to illustrate both the ease of use and the completeness and robustness they offer.~~

First, though I want to clarify what PSR-7 is attempting.

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On HTTP, Middleware, and PSR-7

As I've surveyed the successes and failures of ZF1 and ZF2, I've started considering how we can address usability: how do we make the framework more approachable?

One concept I've been researching a ton lately is middleware. Middleware exists in a mature form in Ruby (via Rack), Python (via WSGI), and Node (via Connect / ExpressJS); just about every language has some exemplar. Even PHP has some examples already, in StackPHP and Slim Framework.

The basic concept of middleware can be summed up in a single method signature:

function (request, response) { }

The idea is that objects, hashes, or structs representing the HTTP request and HTTP response are passed to a callable, which does something with them. You compose these in a number of ways to build an application.

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RESTful APIs with ZF2, Part 3

In my previous posts, I covered basics of JSON hypermedia APIs using Hypermedia Application Language (HAL), and methods for reporting errors, including API-Problem and vnd.error.

In this post, I'll be covering documenting your API — techniques you can use to indicate what HTTP operations are allowed, as well as convey the full documentation on what endpoints are available, what they accept, and what you can expect them to return.

While I will continue covering general aspects of RESTful APIs in this post, I will also finally introduce several ZF2-specific techniques.

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RESTful APIs with ZF2, Part 2

In my last post, I covered some background on REST and the Richardson Maturity Model, and some emerging standards around hypermedia APIs in JSON; in particular, I outlined aspects of Hypermedia Application Language (HAL), and how it can be used to define a generic structure for JSON resources.

In this post, I cover an aspect of RESTful APIs that's often overlooked: reporting problems.

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RESTful APIs with ZF2, Part 1

RESTful APIs have been an interest of mine for a couple of years, but due to circumstances, I've not had much chance to work with them in any meaningful fashion until recently.

Rob Allen and I proposed a workshop for PHP Benelux 2013 covering RESTful APIs with ZF2. When it was accepted, it gave me the perfect opportunity to dive in and start putting the various pieces together.

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