I've mentioned a few times over the course of this 2023 Advent series that the longer I'm in the tech field, the more I appreciate and favor simple solutions. I was reminded of this yesterday when I read this article on return types in Laravel controllers by Joel Clermont.
Have you used Node.js?
In the PHP ecosystem, a group of Chinese developers have been creating an extension that provides many of the same capabilities as Node.js. This extension, called Swoole, allows you to create web servers with asynchronous capabilities. In many cases, the asynchronous capabilities are handled via coroutines, allowing you to write normal, synchronous code that still benefits from the asynchronous nature of the system event loop, allowing your server to continue responding to new requests as they come in!
We've been gradually adding and refining our Swoole support in Expressive, and recently issued a stable release that will work with any PSR-15 request handler. In this post, I'll enumerate what I feel are the reasons for considering Swoole when deploying your PHP middleware application.
This new standard defines interfaces for request handlers and middleware. These have enormous potential impact on the PHP ecosystem, as they provide standard mechanisms for writing HTTP-facing, server-side applications. Essentially, they pave the way for developers to create re-usable web components that will work in any application that works with PSR-15 middleware or request handlers!
I faced an interesting question recently with regards to middleware: What happens when we go from a convention-based to a contract-based approach when programming?
Contract-based approaches use interfaces. I think you can see where this is going.
We all know the standard HTTP request methods and status codes, right? Or do we?
We definitely know whether or not they should be integers or strings, and/or how string values should be normalized, right?
And our IDEs can totally autocomplete them, right?
Oh, that's not the case?
Enrico just returned from phpDay, where he spoke about Expressive and the upcoming Zend Framework 3. One piece of feedback he brought back had to do with how people perceive they should be building Expressive applications: many think, based on our examples, that it's completely configuration driven!
As it turns out, this is far from the truth; we developed our API to mimic that of traditional microframeworks, and then built a configuration layer on top of that to allow making substitutions. However, it's not only possible, but quite fun, to mix and match the two ideas!
I've been intending to play with React for some time, but, for one reason or another, kept putting it off. This past week, I carved some time finally to experiment with it, and, specifically, to determine if serving PSR-7 middleware was possible.
A few hours ago, we pushed Expressive 1.0.
This is a huge milestone for the ZF3 initiative; I've even called it the cornerstone. It signals a huge shift in direction for the project, returning to its roots as a component library. Expressive itself, however, also signals the future of PHP applications we envision: composed of layered, single-purpose PSR-7 middleware.
Yesterday, a question tagged
#psr7 on Twitter caught my eye:
Request::getHeader($name)return array of single string instead of strings in #Slim3? cc: @codeguy pic.twitter.com/ifA9hCKAPs
The image linked provides the following details:
When I call
$request->getHeader('Accept')for example, I was expected that I'll get something like this:
Array(  => text/html,  => application/xhtml+xml,  => application/xml, )
but, in reallity I got this:
Array(  => text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8 )
Is it correct?
In this post, I'll explain why the behavior observed is correct, as well as shed a light on a few details of header handling in PSR-7.